By Christoph Heinzel
This learn contributes to the industrial discounting debate by way of studying the welfare and coverage implications of distorted time personal tastes for personal investments. The research is utilized to the power undefined, the place it truly is of specific significance. within the transition to low-carbon strength new release, distorted time personal tastes are proven to urge an additional distortion, as well as that from the emission externality. Its volume varies at once with the time lag in capital accumulation. which will enforce the socially optimum course, environmental coverage has to be complemented by way of know-how coverage. The theoretical findings are utilized to the impending structural switch within the German electrical energy within the 2010s.
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Extra info for Distorted Time Preferences and Structural Change in the Energy Industry: A Theoretical and Applied Environmental-Economic Analysis
Particularly dealt with structural technological change as an aspect of evolutionary change in the economic process. , Bernholz et al. (1978), Faber (1986), Faber and Proops (1991, 1998), Faber et al. (1995, 1999), Stephan (1995), and Winkler (2003, 2005). See Winkler (2003: ch. 2) for a survey of the development of capital theory in general and its neo-Austrian variant in particular. 18 By convention, all three production processes have usually been assumed to be linearlimitational. In equilibrium, labor is efficiently allocated to the three processes, such that l¯ = l1 (t) + l2 (t) + l3 (t), where l3 (t) is the amount of labor used in the capital good process.
Thus, uncertainty in growth will reduce the discount rate, or, equivalently, precautionary saving will occur, if and only if individuals behave in a prudent way (v > 0). In order to describe the effect of uncertain growth on the long-term behaviour of the discount rate, Gollier extends the analysis to the second period, with (1+ g1 )(1+ g2 ) − 1 being the growth rate over the two periods. 28) the socially optimal discount rate per period for a cash flow occurring at t = 2 derives as: u (c) (1 + δ2)2 = .
Without loss of generality, it is assumed in the following that the weighting factor α = 1, as it has no effect on the outcome of the analysis. This holds because net emissions e constitute an externality in the unregulated market solution, which is not taken into account by the market mechanism, and, thus, the market outcome is independent of the individual valuation of the disutility derived from net emissions. e. ρ p > ρ . 3 Obviously, CO2 is a stock and not a flow pollutant. 5). 1. 1 is derived.