Download Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Committee on the Science of Climate Change

The warming of the Earth has been the topic of severe debate and obstacle for plenty of scientists, policy-makers, and voters for a minimum of the previous decade. weather switch technological know-how: An research of a few Key Questions, a brand new record by way of a committee of the nationwide examine Council, characterizes the worldwide warming development over the past a hundred years, and examines what might be in shop for the twenty first century and the level to which warming can be caused by human job.

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Karl is Director of the National Climatic Data Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. S. climate over the past 100 years. Mr. Karl is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Union and served as the chair of the National Research Council’s Climate Research Committee. He was a coordinating lead author for the IPCC Working Group I Third Assessment Report. Mr. S. from the University of Wisconsin. Dr. Richard S. Lindzen is the Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Meteorology in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Such changes could lead to complex changes in the present-day patterns of temperature and precipitation, including changes in the frequency of winter or tropical storms. Higher precipitation rates would favor increased intensity of tropical cyclones, which derive their energy from the heat that is released when water vapor condenses. Temperatures are expected to increase more rapidly over land compared to oceans because of the ocean’s higher heat capacity and because it can transfer more of the trapped heat to the atmosphere by evaporation.

Water vapor, clouds, snow packs)? By how much will temperatures change over the next 100 years and where? , extreme weather, health effects) of increases of various magnitude? Has science determined whether there is a “safe” level of concentration of greenhouse gases? ESTIMATING FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE Projecting future climate change first requires projecting the fossil-fuel and land-use sources of CO2 and other gases and aerosols. How much of the carbon from future use of fossil fuels will be seen as increases in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will depend on what fractions are taken up by land and the oceans.

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