Download Clauses Without 'That': The Case for Bare Sentential by Cathal Doherty PDF

By Cathal Doherty

First released in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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Additional info for Clauses Without 'That': The Case for Bare Sentential Complementation in English

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The location of the clause higher than the normal complement position is also consistent with the crossing dependency facts outlined in (93) and (94) above. 2 above, selected IP cannot survive in non-complement positions. The claim that optional arguments at lexical conceptual structure are not grammaticized as syntactic arguments predicts that it should be possible to predict whether a given verb takes a thematic clausal complement. If the necessary semantic 'participants' in the event or state denoted by the verb include a propositional argument, then we expect that the argument structure of the verb will represent this argument.

A variety of evidence is provided to support this principle. For example, Webelhuth points out that verbs which reject nominal but admit clausal complements do not allow the clausal argument to become a derived subject. 3o This is illustrated for raising, unaccusative and passive verbs in the examples below. (73)a. It seemed that John was unqualified. b. *It seemed DP. C. (74)a. *That John was unqualified seemed [DP t J. It turned out that John was unqualified. b. *It turned out DP. C. *That John was unqualified turned out [DP t].

Grimshaw (1990: 94) proposes that it is the lexical conceptual structure of these nouns which determines the distinction: "the lexical definition of boo'k ... " This general approach provides an explanation of the fact that derived nominals maintain the selectional requirements of their corresponding verbs. For example, the verb attempt is proposed to have the lexical conceptual structure in (97) below, where T represents the semantic entity denoted by infinitive clauses. 3 below). Therefore, the fact that a nominal such as attempt can exert selectional requirements is another instance of an element without argument structure exerting selectional requirements.

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