Download A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume I: from the by Yitzhak Baer PDF

By Yitzhak Baer

Original yr of publication: 1961

Publisher's Description

One of the century's nice classics of Jewish historiography, A background of the Jews in Christian Spain strains the industrial, social, felony, and political lifetime of the Spanish Jewish neighborhood from the eleventh-century re-conquest of Iberia from Muslim rule to the expulsion of 1492. The drama of the Spanish Jewry's upward thrust and fall has made that group the exceptional representation of the fight of Jews to take care of themselves as an identifiable crew inside of Christian society. essentially the most startling points of this quantity is its description of the cultural lifetime of the Spanish Jews and the way it used to be changed via the impacts exerted upon it by way of the tradition of our surroundings. this primary quantity of the two-volume set takes the tale right down to the center of the 13th century in Castile.

About the Author
Professor Yitzhak (Fritz) Baer spent decades studying within the Spanish files. He released millions of files concerning the main points of Jewish existence within the Iberian Peninsula and at the courting of the Jews to their Christian rulers and associates. Later, after settling in what's now Israel as Professor of heritage on the Hebrew collage, he wrote his precis of the interval, that is now made on hand in translation from the Hebrew.

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Extra info for A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume I: from the Age of Reconquest to the Fourteenth Century

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Their children shall be taken from them and brought up as Christians. The slaves they had circumcised shall be set free. The testimony of converts found practicing their old faith shall not be trusted. The marriage of a Jew and a Christian shall be invalid, unless 20 INTRODUCTION the Jewish member accepted Christianity; children of such a union shall be brought up as Christians. Converts as well as Jews shall be excluded from public office. These laws struck not only the Jews but also the converts, who were suspected of remaining faithful to the religion of their fathers.

Only on this basis can we explain the acquisition by the count of the estates of the Jews killed in 985 and his confiscation, in 1022, of the property of a Jew who committed adultery with a married Christian woman. The Jew himself escaped death by conversion. The old Catalonian code of law, the Usatges de Barcelona, compiled between the years 1053 and 1071, clearly provides that the wergild to be paid for the killing or injury of a Jew is to be fixed arbitrarily by the count, which is not 41 A History of the Jews in Christian Spain the treatment accorded to free men.

Jews and Christians filled various offices at the court of the caliph and in the state administration, as they did in the caliphate of Bagdad. The Mohammedan rulers needed Jewish and Christian officials, since the Moslem tribesmen proved neither qualified nor trustworthy. Moslem religious fanaticism, which from time to time made the life 23 A History of the Jews in Christian Spain of the Jews miserable, directed itself in the first half of the ninth century primarily against certain Christian groups, whose members would publicly blaspheme the dominant faith, thereby to earn the crown of martyrdom.

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