By Chris Ellis
The recent Spearhead sequence appears to be like on the leading edge of struggle, facing devices able to working independently within the leading edge of conflict. Covers the unit's origins and heritage, employer and order of conflict, conflict background theatre by way of theatre, insignia and markings. Vol. three is at the German seventh Flieger department.
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Osprey Raid sequence #9
The winning rescue of imprisoned Italian dictator Benito Mussolini from atop the Gran Sasso plateau via German glider-borne troops on 12 September 1943 used to be essentially the most dramatic particular Forces operations in army historical past. Arrested via his personal officials in July 1943, Mussolini have been whisked away to an remoted and heavily-guarded mountain-top inn, the lodge Campo Imperatore at Gran Sasso, that can merely be reached via a seriously guarded cable automobile station. It was once transparent to the Germans - who needed to rescue Mussolini for you to hold no less than the looks that Italy was once nonetheless at the Axis part - that any traditional rescue operation must struggle its method via an excessive amount of competition and that Mussolini's captors might have considerable time to execute him ahead of he might be rescued. as soon as Mussolini's place at Gran Sasso was once proven, Hitler ordered basic der Fallschirmtruppe Kurt scholar to prepare a rescue undertaking. the particular raid was once deliberate and led through paratrooper significant Otto Mors from the Fallschirmjager-Lehr Bataillon, yet SS Haupsturmführer Otto Skorzeny grabbed a lot of the laurels of this operation.
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Extra info for 7th Flieger Division: Student's Fallschirmjager Elite
ATS personnel man the predictor in the foreground: this controlled the shell fuse settings and the range, bearing and elevation of the guns. In the centre spotting binoculars are being used, whilst the range finder is being studied in the background. In the upper left-hand corner is one of the guns: the number 5 on the gun pit may indicate that this was a six-gun battery instead of the more usual four guns. (IWM H 32338) To give an added measure of protection against enemy bombers, bombing decoys were introduced under the aegis of the RAF’s No.
Conversely, more British naval reserves could therefore be allocated to possible anti-invasion measures. Additionally, Mussolini’s offer of troops for SEALION was disdainfully refused by Hitler, although bombers of the Regia Aeronautica would appear briefly and ineffectually over eastern England in November 1940. Hitler’s order that all preparations be in place by mid-August 1940 was impractical: the Kriegsmarine was just not ready. It was inferior in size to the Royal Navy and had already suffered heavy losses in the Norwegian campaign.
Whilst no messages from agents were detected (these having been either arrested or ‘turned’), the operation did provide much useful information on enemy signals traffic and led to the significant enlargement of the ‘Y’ intercept service. The latter, first established in the early 1920s, became part of SIS (Secret Intelligence Service) prior to the war: it provided technical analysis on wireless signals and made a crucial contribution to the overall intelligence effort. The war witnessed the rapid development of intelligence gathering systems and a series of listening posts (‘Y’ stations) were built throughout the country to feed intercepted enemy signals traffic to the Government Code and Cipher School (later GCHQ) at Bletchley Park (Station ‘X’).