By Caroline O. N. Moser, Cathy McIlwaine
Regardless of sustained advancements in its social and monetary signs over the last numerous a long time and its wealthy inventory of average and human assets, Colombia is still tormented by violence. The very excessive point of violence displays a number of elements, together with the country's simmering 50-year-old civil battle, the rise in armed clash, the increase in city and rural crime, and drug cartel-linked violence. because the executive struggles to arrive peace agreements with guerilla and paramilitary teams, political violence and armed clash were the first focuses of political analysts and civil society teams alike. The perceptions of violence through humans residing in negative groups have obtained less consciousness. This document addresses the difficulty by way of offering the result of a participatory research of violence performed in low-income city groups in Colombia.
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Extra resources for Urban poor perceptions of violence and exclusion in Colombia
Policy Approaches to Violence InterventionApproachObjectiveType of violence addressedPolicy/planning interventionLimitationsCriminal justiceViolence deterrence and control through increased arrest and conviction rates and harsher punishmentEconomicTop-downstrengthening of judicial, penal, and police systems and associated institutionsLimited applicability to political and social violence; success highly dependent on enforcementPublic healthViolence prevention through the reduction of individual risk factorsEconomic, socialTop-down surveillance; risk factor identification; resultant behavior modification; scaling up of successful interventionsAlmost exclusive focus on individual; often imposed top down; highly sensitive to quality of surveillance data; limitations in indicatorsConflict transformationNonviolent resolution of conflict through negotiated terms between conflicting partiesPolitical, socialNegotiations to ensure conflict reduction between different social actors, often using using third-party mediation.
This means selecting communities that are considered representative of the issue under investigation and conducting a participatory urban appraisal with sufficient groups to be representative of each community. ) Participatory urban appraisal involves an extensive number of different tools (see annex A). The most important ones used in the current study are listings that provided the basis for the quantitative data analysis, causal impact diagrams that analyze the causes and effects of particular issues, and the institutional mapping diagrams that allow the identification of social institutions perceived as important within communities.
In three communities (Embudo and 14 de Febrero, Bogotá; and Rosario, Girón), drug-related problems were perceived as most important. In another three communities (Pórtico, Medellín; Cachicamo, Yopal; and Colombia Chiquita, Aguazul), unemployment was the most significant problem. In El Arca, Cali, and Jericó, Bogotá, the most important problem cited was insecurity, a catchall term widely used. In Amanecer, Bucaramanga, the leading problem cited was robbery. Problems related to violence were thus identified as the most serious problem facing three of the nine communities.