By Yanko Marcius de Alencar Xavier
This ebook describes the energy-law scenario in Brazil. It makes a speciality of 3 particular power sectors: oil, ordinary gasoline and biofuel. the choice to be aware of those components takes under consideration the function that those strength sectors play within the fiscal, political and felony structures in Brazil, in addition to the truth that they're the first matters of present discussions surrounding fiscal rules within the state. The publication, composed of thematic chapters authored via really good felony researchers, analyzes different elements of the oil, gasoline and biofuels undefined, beginning with an advent and technical issues and by means of a dialogue of the criminal concerns. It additionally considers the several criminal parts used to ascertain the aforementioned strength sectors, akin to regulatory legislation, environmental legislation, tax legislations, overseas legislation, between others. The e-book will function a invaluable consultant for researchers attracted to realizing Brazilian strength legislation, and on the similar it time offers the state-of-the-art of reviews performed in Brazil.
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Additional info for Energy Law in Brazil: Oil, Gas and Biofuels
9 % increase (average for 2013 until July) with thermoelectric consumption of 42 million m3/day. The demand for natural gas has been growing in industrial sectors, where in many cases this fuel adds value to the final product, providing more efficient energy use through cogeneration. 28 27 The creation of the Thermoelectric Priority Program (TPP) in 2000 foresees the construction of 49 natural gas thermoelectric plants. 28 Even though the present study does not describe the natural gas infrastructure, MME shows that the gas pipeline network that transports natural and imported natural gas totals 9,244 km.
On August 2013, installed capacity, authorized to operate commercially, was 7,567,000 m3/year (631,000 m3/month). 3 Future Perspectives According to the EPE, inclusion of biofuels in the energy matrix is considered strategic for many developed countries, aimed at energy security and fulfilling goals to reduce greenhouse gases. However, due to the economic crisis in Europe and the 57 Id. Id. , pp. 7–8. K. de Medeiros Costa et al. 15 Regional biodiesel consumption (millions of liters) Region/year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 North Northeast South Southeast Central-West Brazil 332 422 514 1,147 359 2,774 321 447 538 1,231 379 2,916 327 477 570 1,310 404 3,089 347 502 602 1,372 429 3,252 375 525 642 1,403 458 3,402 392 547 668 1,454 480 3,542 403 568 684 1,525 495 3,675 416 589 700 1,595 511 3,811 433 609 727 1,638 533 3,941 452 630 755 1,681 557 4,076 Source: EPE (2012b) USA, the trend is towards more protectionist markets and postponement of greenhouse gas reduction goals.
34 34 46 50 52 53 Abstract This chapter aims to present the main points of the Brazilian oil, gas and biofuel industry regulation evolution. The first legislative provisions aimed at regulating the oil industry emerged in the period of imperial Brazil, reaching truly consecration in the legal system at the first part of the twentieth century. At that time, the oil production was an activity strictly monopolized by the state; however, this monopoly came to be more flexible, and that is how it is nowadays.