Download Electrical Energy Generation in Europe: The Current by Jorge Morales Pedraza PDF

By Jorge Morales Pedraza

The current publication maximizes reader insights into the present and destiny roles to be performed by way of types of renewable power assets and nuclear strength for the aim of electrical energy new release within the ecu zone as a complete and in a pick out staff of ecu nations in particular. This e-book contains unique research of the differing kinds of renewable strength assets to be had in several eu international locations; the professionals and cons of using the differing kinds of renewables and nuclear power for electrical energy new release; which power thoughts are available the several eu international locations to extend their strength area within the coming years; the influence at the weather and the surroundings; degrees of construction and intake and the extent of electrical energy generated by way of those power resources, among others.

Designed to notify executive officers, economists, scientists and the non-public and public energy of the foremost matters surrounding the long run function of other renewable power assets and nuclear strength within the creation of electrical energy in the eu zone, this booklet also will describe intimately the evolution of strength region within the selected eu zone and the issues that a number of international locations at the moment are experiencing within the face of accelerating call for for electricity.

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Extra resources for Electrical Energy Generation in Europe: The Current Situation and Perspectives in the Use of Renewable Energy Sources and Nuclear Power for Regional Electricity Generation

Sample text

Considered as a renewable energy source. 1 Introduction 3 There are also on the market some mixtures of gas oil and thick fuel oil, which result in: • Diesel oil; • Burner oil; • Thin fuel oil. Other liquid fuels: • Alcohol (especially ethanol). Gaseous fuels: • Natural gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons and chiefly methane (CH4); • Butane and propane; • Manufactured gas: derived from the industrial petrochemical process. Other fuel gases: hydrogen, acetylene, among others. 2 Coal The mix of primary fuels used to generate electricity has changed a great deal over the past four decades on a worldwide basis.

1 % per year. 8 trillion kWh in 2035, but the total amount of electricity generated from natural gas continues to be less than one-half the total for coal, even in 2035. It is important to highlight that natural-gas-fired combined-cycle technology is an attractive choice for new gas-fired power plants because of its fuel efficiency, operating flexibility (it can be brought online in minutes rather than the hours it takes for coal-fired and some other generating power plants), relatively short planning and construction times, relatively low greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere, and relatively low capital costs.

The share of hydropower within the total electricity generation varies considerably between countries, ranging from negligible to more than 90 %. The composition of types of hydropower plants installed for energy production is also not equal. These differences in countries and categories reflect both geographic and climatic constraints and suitability as well as, to some degree, political guidelines in operation (Lehner et al. 1998). Looking at the future, in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, most of the development of hydroelectricity in the short to medium term is expected to occur as expansion or refurbishment of existing hydroelectric plants (EIA 2000), as the persistent economic problems interfere with the construction of new hydropower plants.

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