By F. J. Soares, P. M. Rocha Almeida (auth.), Rodrigo Garcia-Valle, João A. Peças Lopes (eds.)
Electric motor vehicle Integration into smooth strength Networks offers insurance of the demanding situations and possibilities posed via the innovative integration of electrical force automobiles. beginning with a radical review of the present electrical motor vehicle and battery cutting-edge, this paintings describes dynamic software program instruments to evaluate the affects caused by the electrical automobiles deployment at the regular kingdom and dynamic operation of electrical energy grids, identifies concepts to mitigate them and the chance to aid at the same time large-scale integration of renewable power sources.
New enterprise types and keep an eye on administration architectures, in addition to the conversation infrastructure required to combine electrical automobiles as lively call for are provided. ultimately, regulatory problems with integrating electrical autos into glossy strength platforms are addressed.
Inspired by way of classes held lower than the EES-UETP umbrella in 2010 and 2011, this contributed quantity contains 9 chapters written by means of major researchers and execs from the in addition to academia.
Read or Download Electric Vehicle Integration into Modern Power Networks PDF
Best electric books
A well timed accomplished reference consolidates the learn and improvement of electrical motor vehicle machines and drives for electrical and hybrid propulsions
Focuses on electrical car machines and drives
Covers the main applied sciences within the zone together with primary techniques and purposes
Emphasis the layout standards, functionality analyses and alertness examples or potentials of varied motor drives and laptop structures
Accompanying site comprises the simulation types and results as supplementary fabric
Switching thought is anxious with the improvement of types and methods for the research and synthesis of these circuits within which info is represented in discrete or electronic shape, in preference to the analog shape during which details is represented in a continuing demeanour. the applying of electronic strategies over a much broader variety of human actions has already profoundly affected glossy lifestyles, and there's no obvious restrict to their destiny software.
Underground electrical Haulage specializes in the locomotives utilized in glossy mine railways. The locomotives of many differing types are used for such underground operations as collecting on the loading issues, shunting on the pit backside, hauling man-riding cars, yet essentially hauling fabric autos at the major haulage roads of the mine.
- Electric Energy Systems: Analysis and Operation (Electric Power Engineering)
- High-Temperature Superconductor Materials, Devices, and Applications
- Power System Relaying
- IEEE Recommended Practice on Surge Voltages in Low-Voltage Ac Power Circuits. IEEE Power Engineering Society. Surge Protective Devices Committee
- Analysis of Subsynchronous Resonance in Power Systems
- The Principles of Electronic and Electromechanic Power Conversion: A Systems Approach
Additional info for Electric Vehicle Integration into Modern Power Networks
Although Li-ion cells have small self-discharge, small differences can accumulate over time, causing 2 Electric Vehicle Battery Technologies 47 Fig. 15 Comparison of the model parameter estimates and the true model parameters (a simulated battery system with parameters established from lab experiments by NREL) different SOCs even for cells with nearly identical capacities. Furthermore, variations in internal impedance and material aging inevitably lead to nonuniform cell characteristics. To protect the cells from overheat, overcharge, and overdischarge, the operation of the string is fundamentally limited by the weakest cell, the one reaches SOC upper and lower boundaries first.
In contrast, energy shuffling can reduce significantly the energy loss, but requires additional energy storage components such as capacitors (or inductors) together with their power electronics and control functions, shown in Fig. 17. These increase costs and sizes with more sophisticated management systems. 3. Voltage Balancing: Although the intention of cell balancing is justifiably to equalize SOCs, for run-time implementation accurate SOC estimation and capacity determination are difficult.
A nominal condition, for example, can be defined as 20 C and discharging at 1/20 C-rate. People also use Wh (or kWh) capacity to represent a battery capacity. 6) C-rate. C (nominal C-rate) is used to represent a charge or discharge rate equal to the capacity of a battery in one hour. 6 A. 2 A. Specific Energy. Specific energy, also called gravimetric energy density, is used to define how much energy a battery can store per unit mass. 7) Specific energy of a battery is the key parameter for determining the total battery weight for a given mile range of EV.