By Cornelius Krahn
This booklet gains Anabaptism of the Low international locations from its earliest traceable beginnings to the tip of the 16th century. the main a part of the publication is dedicated to the hundred years previous the demise of Menno Simons in 1561, after whom the Anabaptists obtained the identify, Mennonites. A decade later the Netherlands won independence and the Anabaptists have been granted relative freedom. ahead of this Dutch Anabaptist refugee settlements and church buildings were validated alongside the North Sea and the Baltic Coast from Emden and Hamburg Altona as much as the mouth of the Vistula River. The roots of Dutch Anabaptism, just like these of the Dutch Reformed Church, are available within the local soil and have been nourished and influenced from close to and much. The rising hwnanistically prompted Sacramentarian move of the Low nations transformed and spiritualized the which means of the remainder sacraments, baptism and the Lord's supper. Dutch mysticism, the Brethren of universal lifestyles, Erasmian hwnanism, the chambers of rhetoric, and the binds with Wittenberg (Luther, Karlstadt, Muntzer), Cologne (Westerburg), (B. Rothmann), Strassburg (Bucer, Capito), Zurich (Zwingli), Munster and Emden ended in the creation of Anabaptism within the Low Coun attempts via Melchior Hofmann, coming from Strassburg in 1530.
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Extra info for Dutch Anabaptism: Origin, Spread, Life and Thought (1450–1600)
The Low Countries produced their own Reformation which in the earliest stage is commonly known as the Sacramentarian movement. The origine of this movement has already been presented in part, and its development is to be dealt with in the next chapter. ITI THE EVANGELICAL SACRAMENTARIAN REFORMA TION The term "Sacramentarian" originated in the Low Countries in connection with the Reformation efforts and was used by the opponents of the movement. 1 It is likely that the designation originated before that time.
Ticism to Humanism The tradition of the Brethren of the Common Life was carried on by a number of outstanding men of whom Johannes Pupper van Goch and Wessel Gansfort should be mentioned. They studied together in Cologne and became friends. Johannes Pupper van Goch was in touch with the Brethren early and became rector of the Augustinian convent at Mechelen. Among his unpublished writings, the most timely was De tibertate christiana, which he wrote shortly before he died in 1475. l l Gansfort visited Thomas a Kempis at Agnietenberg, received his training in the school of the Brethren of the Common Life and spent considerable time at the universities of Cologne, Paris, and Heidelberg.
His books were found in the parsonages of priests, in the homes of humanistic educators, in monasteries, and in government circles. Maria of Hungary, who became the governess of the Low Countries in 1531, was an admirer of Erasmus. so Erasmus received an unusual request from Johann III of Cleves-Mark, who wanted the great humanist to help with the preparation of a new church constitution. K. von Hersebach was sent to Freiburg to consult with Erasmus about this. S1 In Amsterdam there was a group of friends of Erasmus.