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By Kenneth S. Sacks

Living in Rome over the last years of the Republic, Diodorus of Sicily produced the main expansive heritage of the traditional global that has survived from antiquity--the Bibliotheke. while Diodorus himself has been quite often obvious as a "mere copyist" of past historic traditions, Kenneth Sacks explores the complexity of his paintings to bare a historian with a special perspective indicative of his times.

Sacks specializes in 3 parts of Diodorus's background writing: tools of association and magnificence, vast old and philosophical subject matters, and political sentiments. all through, Diodorus brought his personal rules or refashioned these present in his resources. particularly, his destructive response to Roman imperial rule is helping to light up the imprecise culture of competition historiography and to give an explanation for the form and constitution of the Bibliotheke. considered as a unified paintings reflecting the highbrow and political opinions of the overdue Hellenistic interval, the Bibliotheke turns into a tremendous resource for analyzing first-century ethical, political, and highbrow values.

Originally released in 1990.

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41 See my comments at the end of Chapter 5. 38 21 CHAPTER ONE curs in the history. 1). Thus the sentiments expressed in the prooemia are consistent with material found within their respective books and elsewhere in the Bibliotheke as well. The entire question of intellectual influence upon Diodorus has been prejudiced by early presumptions. 44 The thesis is demonstrably incorrect (see Chapter 2), and the most that can be said is that Diodorus may have been influenced by Ephoran practice. The same should hold true for the prooemia.

428; and, w i t h o u t using the actual t e r m , in Pomp. 785 Also in Lu- 122-70. cian, Hist. Conscr. 41, 44, and 66; cf. Avenarius, Lukians Schrifl zur Geschichtsschreibung, 40, 46. 46 Philodemi Περί παρρησίας Libellus, ed. A Ohvieri (Leipzig, 1914), cols. 22—23, p . 62. 1 = Polybius x x x 18. 3), a passage that m a y 34 HISTORICAL CAUSALITY Παρρησία, an intricate aspect of moral assessment, belongs to Diodorus's own philosophy of history. Diodorus's understanding of moral utility is, then, some­ what independent and different from that of Ephorus.

5); that of xxv anticipates Carthaginian misdeeds in the Mercenary War that lead to the defeat in the Second Punic War (xxv 2-3). And the idea that personal greed can bring destruction on an entire people re37 See Kunz, Zur Beurteilung der Prooemien, 92-93. Most recently, P. , FGHlie, 151. 39 Schwartz, RE 5, 670-73. 40 Kunz, Zur Beurteilung der Prooemien, 104—5. 41 Hornblower, Hieronymus of Cardia, 50, n. 104. 41 See my comments at the end of Chapter 5. 38 21 CHAPTER ONE curs in the history. 1).

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