By Steven J. Zaloga
German defenses alongside the Normandy seashores have been a part of the bigger Atlantic Wall fortifications designed to shield fort Europe. whilst box Marshal Erwin Rommel took command of the invasion entrance in past due 1943, he started a application to reinforce fortifications alongside the Normandy coast as he believed that any Allied attack needed to be stopped at the invasion seashores themselves. His most crucial contribution to the defenses used to be an in depth software of improvised seashore obstructions to complicate any touchdown test. This publication analyses those fortifications and describes how the Allied forces overcame them at the morning of June 6, 1944.
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Extra info for D-Day Fortifications in Normandy (Fortress, Volume 37)
The draws had been fortiﬁed with bunkers on either side to provide overlapping ﬁelds of ﬁre, and the draw entrances were blocked by anti-tank walls, seawalls, anti-tank ditches and other obstructions making the passage of tanks difficult. The assault began badly when US Army Air Force bombers missed their targets by several miles due to cloud cover, leaving the bunkers below unscathed. Although a naval bombardment preceded the landing, its duration was shorter than at other beaches since the timing of the landings was dependent on the tides and the Omaha landings were the earliest.
The conﬁguration was typical of navy batteries. An M262a ﬁredirection bunker was constructed near the cliffs at the forward edge of the battery position to provide clear observation of targets at sea. This bunker had the most modern ﬁre-control system of any of the batteries in this sector. It was electrically powered and fed the aiming data directly from the control bunker to the individual gun casemates. This was a two-story bunker with range-ﬁnding and observation equipment, and a target-tracking center located in the lower chamber.
NARA) FOLLOWING PAGE Strongpoint WN62 Strongpoint WN62 was located on the bluffs on the western shoulder of the E-3 Colleville draw. The combat actions by this strongpoint are covered in more detail in the text. The strongpoint was typical of those on Omaha beach. The position was roughly 250m (800ft) in diameter and 12 to 50m (40 to 165ft) in elevation over the beach below. The initial defenses (A) featured a sequence of beach obstructions including Belgian gates, ramps with Teller mines, Czech hedgehogs, stakes and scattered anti-personnel mines.