By Susanne Mühleisen
Creole languages are ordinarily linked to a unfavorable picture. How has this status been shaped? And is it as static because the diglossic scenario in lots of anglo-creolophone societies turns out to indicate? This quantity examines socio-historical and epistemological elements within the status formation of Caribbean English-Lexicon Creoles and topics their type as a (socio)linguistic style to scrutiny and significant debate. In its research of wealthy empirical information this learn additionally demonstrates that the makes use of, capabilities and negotiations of Creole inside specific social and linguistic practices have shifted significantly. instead of restricting its scope to 1 "national" speech neighborhood, the dialogue focusses on alterations of the social that means of Creole in a variety of discursive fields, equivalent to inter generational adjustments of Creole use within the London Diaspora, diachronic alterations of Creole illustration in written texts, and diachronic adjustments of Creole illustration in translation. The research employs a discourse analytical technique drawing on linguistic versions in addition to Foucauldian conception.
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Additional resources for Creole Discourse: Exploring Prestige Formation and Change Across Caribbean - English-lexicon Creoles (Creole Language Library)
The diachronic text analysis demonstrates that Creole uses change from predominantly expressive to increasingly referential functions. The analysis highlights the crucial position of the narrative voice as the “voice of authority”, determining which of the codes is the “marked code” (Myers-Scotton 1993) in the situation. As Creole is increasingly employed in this position, the effect of its use changes from “badge of authenticity” to “voice of authority”. Creole writing is here to stay and continues to be a productive field in the negotiation of language prestige.
Down to language use in particular interactions, 2. as natural change, starting from the discourse unit level via institutions eventually and possibly (but not necessarily) to the administrative and legal level. Chapter 1 Table 2. Directions of prestige change Category Status Macro-Function Micro-Function Attitude Framework law and institutions Discourse unit society and administration individual Direction of Change 1. planned ⇒⇒⇒ ⇒⇒⇒⇐⇐⇐ ⇐⇐⇐ 2. natural catalyst ad 1: The first direction of change is that of a “change from above” or prescriptive prestige change.
Marginal languages In the preface to the proceedings of the 1968 Jamaica conference on Pidgin and Creole languages, Dell Hymes (1971a: 3) refers to Pidgins and Creoles as “marginal languages”. What exactly was meant by this notion of marginality? Referring to the great pioneer of the study of Pidgins and Creoles, John Reinecke, Hymes recounts their “humble” beginnings when they were first categorized as “types of languages”. When Reinecke began with the serious study of these languages in the 1930s, he kept them under the rubric of “marginal languages” for two reasons: they were marginal both in the circumstances of their origin and in the attitudes towards them.