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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee

Nationwide climate provider Modernization Committee, fee on Engineering and Technical platforms, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide study Council

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The backup satellite may also be operated simultaneously with the first satellite, thus providing global coverage four times a day. A replacement must be available for launch in case either of the orbiting spacecraft fails. 2 PM and AM refer to the afternoon and morning crossing of the equator by the satellite in a north or south direction, respectively, in the sun-synchronous orbit. See footnote 2 on page 10. About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.

TABLE 4-4 Polar Satellite Planning Launch Schedule Spacecraft NOAA-K NOAA-L NOAA-M METOP-1 NOAA-N METOP-2 NOAA-N' 1st NPOESS a Orbita AM AM OR PM AM OR PM AMc PM AMc PM PM Launch Yearb 1997 2000 2001 2002 2003 2006 2007 2008d See footnote 2 on page 10. Planning schedule (calendar years) as of July 1, 1996. c The European METOP satellite are to assume the AM orbit: NOAA and NPOESS satellites will cover the PM orbit. m. local standard time). b About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.

Recommendation 6. NOAA should ensure that a replacement GOES satellite can be launched and operated as soon as an operational GOES fails to continue the full level of coverage expected of this series of satellites. SATELLITE LAUNCHES As discussed earlier in this chapter and in Chapter 3, the NOAA mission requires at least two operational geostationary satellites in orbit at all times. At least one operational polar-orbiting satellite and an additional backup satellite in orbit are needed at all times to ensure continuous service.

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