Download Climate change : environment and history of the Near East by Arie S. Issar, Mattanyah Zohar PDF

By Arie S. Issar, Mattanyah Zohar

This survey of the traditional degrees of lakes, rivers and the ocean, in addition to adjustments within the compositions of stalagmites and sediments finds an excellent correlation of weather adjustments with the emergence and cave in of civilizations within the center East. The authors finish that weather swap has been the decisive consider the heritage surrounding the origins of the "cradle of civilization".

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Still, all the damages inflicted by the animals and their owners are only aggravating factors in a chain of events whose ultimate cause is climate change itself. The emerging “neo-deterministic” paradigm incorporates a variety of factors that may be considered in measuring the impact of a historical climate change on the natural and human systems. This framework views man and nature as interacting components of one system at a certain locus on spacetime-information coordinates. The space coordinate defines the geographical zone; the time coordinate refers to the historical period; and the information coordinate describes the general anthropological character of the society – that is, the cultural and genetic level a society has reached as a result of co-evolutionary processes.

Rindsberger, A. Zangvil, A. Issar and J. Gat, “The Relation Between the Oxygen 18 and Deuterium Contents of Rain Water in the Negev Desert and Air-masses Trajectories” Isotope Geoscience 1:205–218 (1983). S. Issar and J. Bruins, “Special climatological conditions in the deserts of Sinai and the Negev during the Late Pleistocene” Palaeo 3 43:63–72 (1983). H. Yaalon and J. Dan, “Accumulation and Distribution of Loess Deposits in the Semi-desert and Desert Fringe Areas of Israel” Zeitschrift der Geomorphologie.

Because of the high evaporation and hydrothermal activity in the vicinity, the lake is saline alkaline. The precipitation regime feeding the rivers that flow into the lake is influenced by the Mediterranean climate system: in winter, the westerlies driving cyclonic depressions bring rain, and in summer the predominant subtropical high-pressure belt has a drying influence. Today the precipitation on its southern and western water province is about 1000 mm while the northern and northwestern areas receive about 400 mm.

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