By Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, Ibrahim Hamdan
The international locations of West Asia and North Africa (WANA) have lengthy had the problem of supplying sustainable livelihoods for his or her populations within the fragile ecosystems of semi-arid and arid parts. weather swap is already a fact in WANA and it areas extra constraints at the already fragile ecosystems of dry parts and constrained common assets in WANA. A entire and built-in method of making plans and enforcing the weather switch version techniques around the wide variety of agro-ecosystems in several nations in WANA may well aid either the planners and the neighborhood groups to deal successfully with the projected affects and likewise give a contribution to total sustainability of agricultural creation platforms. This publication addresses the real factor of weather swap and foodstuff safety in West Asia and North Africa and provides definitely the right concepts that can assist in the improvement of recent guidelines to raised adapt agriculture creation platforms and increase nutrition defense in WANA.
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Additional resources for Climate Change and Food Security in West Asia and North Africa
Addressing climate change adaptation in development means strengthening these strategies and increasing their efficiency and durability. The region suffers from multiple challenges in addition to limited availability of natural resources, a situation expected to be exacerbated by climate change impacts. Thus, these challenges need to be tackled at multi-dimensional levels: micro, meso, and macro levels and adaptation strategies need to be developed in participation with stakeholders. Financial limitations to meet necessary investments at local level for addressing climate change agendas pose an important challenge.
Likely decrease in surface water flows, reduced aquifer recharge and seawater intrusion and increased demand and conflicts are expected to increase. Reduced precipitation and number of precipitation days in a year will place additional stress on the already scarce water resources in many countries, and shift arable land into more arid rangelands. Projected changes between now and 2100 show some consistent runoff patterns with some exceptions. For example, a long term run-off model applied to 30 basins in Iran showed that the temperature rise increases the runoff volume during winter and decreases it during spring as rising temperature melts snowfall (Amiri and Eslamian 2010).
In the Mediterranean, a rise in sea surface temperature (SST) produced shifts in the distribution and abundance of fish species. Coral bleaching has been witnessed in the region and in 1998; El-Niño induced coral bleaching and mangrove loss in parts of the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea. 4 R. Selvaraju Implications of Climate Change on Natural Resources Climate change projections show overall deterioration of climatic conditions. The range of temperature increase is projected to be 2–3 °C in much of region by 2050.