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Additional info for Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics)
A number of morphemes cannot be analyzed due to the nature and limited amount of data. These morphemes are glossed with question marks. 2. 1 Phoneme inventory and orthography The Chimariko phoneme inventory is very similar to that of its neighbors, having a complex consonant system and a simple vowel system. It is based on Harrington’s data collected from Sally Noble. 1 Consonant inventory and allophonic variation Chimariko has a complex consonant inventory and shows some typologically common allophonic variations.
Harrington’s Chimariko data, 3500 pages on five microfilm reels, are the most extensive and reliable source for the language. The first microfilm reel with data from Sally Noble contains 1168 pages with mainly lexical items and sentences with translations. Much of this information was elicited by Harrington using Dixon’s grammatical sketch (Dixon 1910). Also included are grammatical analyses in the form of charts, in particular verbal affixes and pronominal elements. The second reel, with 539 pages, also containing data collected from Sally Noble, consists of a series of texts, some with interlinear free translations.
Argument structure alternations, comparable to passives in other languages, shape core argument structure only semantically. They are achieved through verbal derivational affixes. Grammatical structures indicating clause combining surface only minimally. They occur with relative clauses and with adverbial clauses. Relative clauses are internally headed or headless and show a special verb form with a nominalizing suffix. In general, there is no morphosyntactic complementaion in Chimariko. The semantic concepts expressed as complements in some languages are coded using one of four different strategies: (1) separate sentences with no linking morphology, (2) verbal morphology, (3) attitude words, and (4) imiˀna ‘to want’ with a complement clause.