Download Changing Perspectives on the Archaeology of the Central by Michael J. O'Brien, Robert C. Dunnell PDF

By Michael J. O'Brien, Robert C. Dunnell

Fourteen specialists study the present country of relevant Valley prehistoric study and supply a big touchstone for destiny archaeological learn of the quarter. The Mississippi Valley quarter has lengthy performed a serious function within the improvement of yankee archaeology and remains to be widely recognized for the main learn of the early Fifties. To carry the archaeological checklist brand new, fourteen relevant Valley specialists tackle varied subject matters together with the distribution of artifacts around the panorama, inner configurations of enormous fortified settlements, human-bone chemistry, and ceramic know-how. The authors display that a lot is to be discovered from the wealthy and sundry archaeological checklist of the area and that the tools and methods used to check the list have replaced dramatically during the last part century. working on the innovative of present examine thoughts, those archaeologists supply a clean examine previous difficulties in significant Mississippi Valley research.   

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Html[20/10/2010 12:39:08] page_23 < previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 vicinity, represent the remains of communities that existed until at least the sixteenth century, on the basis of Spanish goods found at several of them. Analysis of the materials produced through decades of pothunting (O'Brien 1994a) has given us some understanding of the range in variation of material items, but Williams's (1968, 1972) excavations produced the only information on architectural details. Also, with the exception of Leo Anderson's work at Campbell (Chapman and Anderson 1955) (Figure 1-6), another Late Mississippian-period site that has figured prominently in the literature (Holland 1991; O'Brien and Holland 1994), Williams's detailed and thoughtful analyses of excavated sherds have produced the only baseline for ceramic-type frequencies from excavated midden deposits at Pemiscot Bayou sites.

In Chapter 12, Morrow examines lithic material from Twenhafel (Figure 16), located in extreme southwestern Illinois on the alluvial plain near the junction of the Big Muddy River and the Mississippi. , Thomas 1894). Artifacts from the site document that it was used from at least the Early Woodland period through at least the Middle Mississippian period, though it is the heavy Middle Woodlandperiod occupation that historically has received the most attention. Classic Middle Woodland "Hopewell" materials recovered from Twenhafel include figurines, copper artifacts, sheet mica, galena cubes, marine-shell artifacts, quartz and obsidian chips, and large numbers of prismatic blades manufactured from nonlocal cherts.

Williams 1967, 1968, 1972) have difficulty assigning many archaeological components to the existing phases. Stephen Williams recently asserted that his original definitions of the four phases in southeastern MissouriCairo Lowland, Nodena, Malden Plain, and Pemiscot Bayouwere based on more data than were generated from his excavations at Crosno (23MI1), located in Mississippi County, and from his surface collections of other sites in southeastern Missouri. html[20/10/2010 12:39:13] page_32 < previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 Figure 2-1.

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