By Edwin D. Craun
The past due medieval Church obliged all Christians to rebuke the sins of others, particularly those that had strength to self-discipline in Church and country: clergymen, confessors, bishops, judges, the Pope. this custom, during which the injured occasion needed to confront the wrong-doer without delay and privately, used to be often called fraternal correction. Edwin Craun examines how pastoral writing prompt Christians to make this corrective method potent via averting slander, insult, and hypocrisy. He explores how John Wyclif and his fans extended this verified perform to authorize their very own polemics opposed to mendicants and clerical wealth. eventually, he lines how significant English reformist writing - Piers Plowman, Mum and the Sothsegger, and The ebook of Margery Kempe - improved the perform to justify their protests, to guard themselves from repressive parts within the overdue Ricardian and Lancastrian Church and kingdom, and to induce their readers to mount powerful protests opposed to spiritual, social, and political abuses.