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By Burton Richter

"Global weather switch is among the most crucial matters humanity faces this day. This publication assesses the practical, mindless and biased proposals for keeping off the doubtless disastrous outcomes of world warming, permitting the reader to attract their very own conclusions on switching to extra sustainable power provision. Burton Richter is a Nobel Prize-winning scientist who has served on many US and overseas review Read more...


Nobel Prize-winning scientist's evaluation of concepts for switching to sustainable strength provision to sidestep in all likelihood disastrous outcomes of weather change. Read more...

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Extra resources for Beyond smoke and mirrors : climate change and energy in the 21st century

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For the Earth we calculate the temperature required to radiate the right amount of energy. That is what gives the temperature of − ºF (− ºC, or about  kelvin) in the absence of the greenhouse effect. The peak wavelength of the outgoing radiation is in the far infrared at  microns. To calculate the actual effect, we have to know the absorption of our atmosphere at all the relevant wavelengths.  shows the absorption versus wavelength for water vapor, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and ozone, and the sum of them all [].

Regrettably, it doesn’t work that way. The removal time of some of the main greenhouse gases is measured in centuries.  Removal time and percentage contribution to climate forcing of several greenhouse gases in the year  Agent Carbon dioxide Methane Tropospheric ozone Nitrous oxide Fluorocarbons Sulfate aerosols Black carbon Removal time Approximate contribution > years  years  days  years > years  days  days % % % % <% −% þ% consequences for a very long time, no matter how hard we try to fix things.

Source: Pieter Tans, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, and Ralph Keeling, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA) Revelle because of his interest in measuring atmospheric CO) began publishing his measurements of the amount of atmospheric CO in the late s. Keeling’s data were taken at an observatory built on a mountain in Hawaii, and showed a small saw-toothed oscillation in the amount of CO in the atmosphere superposed on a generally upward trend.

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