By Burton Richter
"Global weather switch is among the most crucial matters humanity faces this day. This publication assesses the practical, mindless and biased proposals for keeping off the doubtless disastrous outcomes of world warming, permitting the reader to attract their very own conclusions on switching to extra sustainable power provision. Burton Richter is a Nobel Prize-winning scientist who has served on many US and overseas review committees on weather switch and effort concerns. He offers a concise evaluate of our wisdom and uncertainties inside of weather switch technology, discusses present power call for and provide styles, and the strength concepts on hand to chop emissions of greenhouse gases. Written in non-technical language, this publication offers a balanced view of thoughts for relocating from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels right into a even more sustainable strength process, and is obtainable to quite a lot of readers with out medical backgrounds - scholars, policymakers, and the involved citizen"--Provided by way of publisher. Read more...
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Extra resources for Beyond smoke and mirrors : climate change and energy in the 21st century
For the Earth we calculate the temperature required to radiate the right amount of energy. That is what gives the temperature of − ºF (− ºC, or about kelvin) in the absence of the greenhouse effect. The peak wavelength of the outgoing radiation is in the far infrared at microns. To calculate the actual effect, we have to know the absorption of our atmosphere at all the relevant wavelengths. shows the absorption versus wavelength for water vapor, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and ozone, and the sum of them all .
Regrettably, it doesn’t work that way. The removal time of some of the main greenhouse gases is measured in centuries. Removal time and percentage contribution to climate forcing of several greenhouse gases in the year Agent Carbon dioxide Methane Tropospheric ozone Nitrous oxide Fluorocarbons Sulfate aerosols Black carbon Removal time Approximate contribution > years years days years > years days days % % % % <% −% þ% consequences for a very long time, no matter how hard we try to ﬁx things.
Source: Pieter Tans, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, and Ralph Keeling, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA) Revelle because of his interest in measuring atmospheric CO) began publishing his measurements of the amount of atmospheric CO in the late s. Keeling’s data were taken at an observatory built on a mountain in Hawaii, and showed a small saw-toothed oscillation in the amount of CO in the atmosphere superposed on a generally upward trend.