Download Army and Society in Ptolemaic Egypt by Christelle Fischer-Bovet PDF

By Christelle Fischer-Bovet

This can be the one tremendous and up to date reference paintings at the Ptolemaic military. utilizing Greek and Egyptian papyri and inscriptions, and development on methods built in state-formation idea, it deals a coherent account of ways the altering buildings of the military in Egypt after Alexander's conquest resulted in the advance of an ethnically extra built-in society. a brand new tripartite department of Ptolemaic background demanding situations the assumption of sluggish decline, and emphasizes the reshaping of army constructions that happened among c.220 and c.160 BC in keeping with adjustments within the nature of battle, mobilization and demobilization, and monetary constraints. An research of the socio-economic position performed by means of squaddies allows a reassessment of the cleruchic procedure and exhibits how squaddies' institutions generated interethnic staff cohesion. via integrating Egyptian proof, Christelle Fischer-Bovet additionally demonstrates that the relationship among the military and native temples provided new methods for Greeks and Egyptians to engage.

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In any case, the condition of soldiers remained enviable throughout the period, with a comfortable standard of living in comparison with unskilled workers and even many farmers. Moreover, some groups of cleruchs were in a still better socio-economic situation, as were officers and commanders, who clearly belonged either to local elites throughout the country or to the court elite in Alexandria. 4 Methodology, sources and outline This book aims to shed new light on how military institutions shaped power and social structures within villages and between local and central state institutions, providing a framework that explains how the army became a unifying force between certain strata of ethnic groups in Egypt from the second century onward.

Rather than considering Egyptian troops a separate group in the military structure, as is usually done, Chapter 5 begins to explore how Egyptian soldiers integrated into the professional and cleruchic troops, a topic pursued further in Chapters 6 and 7. Chapter 5 shows that from the beginning the Ptolemies did not avoid employing Egyptians in their army, although they relied mainly on the immigrant population, at least during the first decades Methodology, sources and outline of the third century.

My study proposes a more complex approach to “decline” and a different explanation for it. 2. 29 The Ptolemies were in a difficult situation when the Seleucid king attacked in 217 BC. They had to increase their military expenditures and then face the postwar demobilization, which resulted in a chain reaction of revolts. The period of crisis was thus not caused by the so-called Egyptianization of the rulers or by a nationalist movement. Six decades later, the Ptolemies were again able to rule their state, albeit a state that had shrunk dramatically.

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