By National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on America's Energy Future
Energy creation and use contact our lives in numerous methods. we're reminded of the price of power whenever we replenish on the gasoline pump, pay an electrical energy invoice, or buy an airline price tag. strength use additionally has vital oblique affects, now not all of that are mirrored in present power costs: depletion of traditional assets, degradation of our surroundings, and threats to nationwide safety bobbing up from a starting to be dependence on geopolitically risky areas for a few of our power provides. those oblique affects may elevate sooner or later if the call for for strength rises swifter than to be had power provides. Our nation's problem is to enhance an power portfolio that reduces those affects whereas offering enough and reasonable strength offers to maintain our destiny financial prosperity.
the U.S. has huge, immense financial and highbrow assets that may be dropped at endure on those demanding situations via a sustained nationwide attempt within the a long time forward. America's strength Future is meant to notify the improvement of clever power regulations by way of fostering a greater realizing of technological techniques for expanding power offers and enhancing the potency of power use. This precis variation of the publication can be an invaluable source for execs operating within the power or excited by advocacy and researchers and teachers in energy-related fields of study.
America's power Future examines the deployment power, expenditures, limitations, and affects of power provide and end-use applied sciences throughout the subsequent to 3 a long time, together with power potency, replacement transportation fuels, renewable strength, fossil gas power, and nuclear power, in addition to applied sciences for bettering the nation's electric transmission and distribution systems.
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Extra resources for America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: Summary Edition
Given the spectrum of uncertainties involved in the creation and deployment of new technologies, together with the differing technological needs and circumstances across the nation, a portfolio that supports a broad range of initiatives from basic research through demonstration will likely be more effective than targeted efforts to identify and select technology winners and losers. High-priority technology demonstration opportunities during the next decade include CCS, evolutionary nuclear power technologies, cellulosic ethanol, and advanced light-duty vehicles.
A in Chapter 3, the AEF Committee uses the EIA reference case as the reference scenario for its study. Source: Energy Information Administration, 2008b. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 8 Primary energy consumption by production sector and fuel type in the United States in 2007. Energy consumed by the electric power sector is used to produce electricity consumed by the end-use sectors shown in the figure. Source: Data from Energy Information Administration, 2008b. 9 Total energy consumption in the United States in 2007, shown by end-use sector and by fuel type.
The report does not provide an evaluation of the full range of options for reducing energy use. 17 The focus of this report is on the assessment of technologies that address the first factor—improving the efficiency of energy use. It addresses energy conservation only insofar as conservation is affected by the deployment of more energy-efficient technologies. To be sure, conservation is an important option for reducing energy use, but its detailed consideration is well beyond the technological scope of this study.