By John Peterson
Kharia, spoken in central-eastern India, is a member of the southern department of the Munda relations, which types the western department of the Austro-Asiatic phylum, stretching from imperative India to Vietnam. the current research offers the main large description of Kharia thus far and covers all significant components of the grammar. Of specific curiosity within the number of Kharia defined the following, is that there's no facts for assuming the life of parts-of-speech, akin to noun, adjective and verb. quite services similar to reference, amendment and predication are expressed through considered one of syntactic buildings, stated right here as 'syntagmas'. the quantity may be of equivalent curiosity to basic linguists from the fields of typology, linguistic concept, areal linguistics, Munda linguistics in addition to South Asianists more often than not.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Kharia (Brill's Studies in South and Southwest Asian Languages)
A'l-y-a'l 'of the water' This process has spread to most environments, so that it is now probably more appropriate to consider the underlying form of the genitive marker to be =ya'l instead of the etymologically expected form =a'l. No complex onsets or codas The progressive markers =te~·cf. (active voice) and =taljcf. 3) are realized as such only before the markers ofthe first and second persons, singular, the only two personal markers which begin with a vowel. Otherwise the final cf. =ijt 'I am writing' vs.
Although strategy (4) above would have been a much simpler means for representing the glottal stop, at least from a technical point of view, the vast majority of our texts had already been collected before this recent development had been brought to our attention. Also, following Pinnow and other authors, we do not differentiate between [a]~[A] and [a], which are transliterated here simply as , nor is vowel length indicated, which is non-phonemic. This same system of transliteration will also be applied here when quoting examples from other authors and will not be commented on further.
A number of songs were also included in the corpus. In fact, once I had asked for a few songs, I was virtually inundated with a large selection to choose from, two of which were also composed by the persons who sang INTRODUCTION 1HE KHARIA LANGUAGE 15 them for me. The corpus contains altogether 30 songs of two types, both the traditional and very common alorJ, in which one person sings a verse which is then echoed by others, as well as the durarJ, which is more ceremonial and which is sung either by one person or by a group together.