Download A Global History: From Prehistory to the 21st Century by Leften Stavrianos PDF

By Leften Stavrianos

Designed for classes in international heritage and global Civilization, this best-selling, vintage exploration of global heritage takes an interdisciplinary worldwide (rather than a local or nationwide) approach—tracing these significant forces, routine, and occasions that experience had a world-wide impression. It stresses connections among the earlier, current and destiny, emphasizing the query “What does it suggest for us today?” The Seventh Edition reevaluates the process human background with an eye fixed towards the millennium, reflecting in its assurance the top of the chilly warfare and the dawning chances for a brand new form of international historical past.

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Tr. Trevor Watkins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. , ed. Born in Heaven, Made on Earth: The Making of the Cult Image in the Ancient Near East. : Eisenbrauns, 1999. encountering ancient religions 16 Horden, Peregrin, and Nicholas Purcell. The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000. Meuli, Karl. Gesammelte Schriften, ed. Thomas Gelzer. Basel, 1975. Porter, Barbara Nevling, ed. One God or Many? Concepts of Divinity in the Ancient World. [Chebeague, Maine:] Casco Bay Assyriological Institute, 2000.

According to Servius, the Stoics taught that there is only one god, whose names merely differ accord- encountering ancient religions 28 ing to actions and offices. Varro (116–27 bce), who knew about the Jews from Poseidonius, was unwilling to make any differentiation between Jove and YHWH because he was of the opinion that it mattered little by which name he was called as long as only the same thing was meant (“nihil interesse censens quo nomine nuncupetur, dum eadem res intelligatur”; Antiquitates rerum divinarum, frag.

The construction of paganism implies the idea of lawlessness and immorality. This is, of course, a polemical distortion. The gods, above all the sun-gods (Shamash in Mesopotamia, Re in Egypt), watched over the keeping of the laws and acted as judges. In Egypt, moreover, there is the idea of a general judgment of the dead, which constitutes a first step toward a theologization of justice. But it is true that no god other than YHWH or Allah ever acted as legislator. The idea of justice is divine, but the formulation and promulgation of specific laws is the task of the king.

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